What is it?
Pale malt is the primary base malt used for all-grain brewing. It provides consistent results within the standard ale colour range, producing sweet and flavourful worts. Pale malt is the basis of pale ale and bitter, and the precursor in the production of most other British beer malts. Dried at temperatures sufficiently low to preserve all the brewing enzymes in the grain, it is light in colour and offers the cheapest barley malt available due to mass production.
Pale Ale Malt is essentially the same as 2 Row Pale, the major difference is in its processing. When malts are processed, they are dried in a kiln. Pale Ale Malts are kilned at a slightly higher temperature than the 2 Row Pale.
Pale malt is the most widely used base malt. Malts contribute three things to beer – flavour, colour, and fermentable sugars. The flavour that it adds will provide the backbone of your beer. The colour, meanwhile, will be developed when speciality malts are added to the grist. Most importantly, base malts provide fermentable sugars, which are converted by yeast to produce alcohol. It is essentially a UK 2 Row Pale Malt. This is the most common base malt, used in the vast majority of beers, particularly in ales. It is a medium yellow in colour and has only a minor grain flavour. This is an important attribute as it creates a fairly blank canvas for using speciality malts, hops, and other flavouring agents, to create a wide range of beer styles.
What are the scales used?
"Degrees Lovibond" or "°L" scale is a measure of the colour of beer. The determination of the degrees Lovibond takes place by comparing the colour of the substance to a series of amber to brown glass slides. The scale was devised by Joseph Williams Lovibond. The Standard Reference Method (SRM) and European Brewery Convention (EBC) methods have largely replaced it, with the SRM giving results approximately equal to the °L.
The Standard Reference Method or SRM is a system modern brewers use to measure the colour intensity of a beer or wort. The EBC convention also measures beer and wort colour, as well as quantifying turbidity (also known as haze) in beer. EBC (European Brewing Convention) is used to indicate colour in malts (and beers). The lower the EBC is, the lighter is the malt (thus kilned for a shorter time). EBC and SRM/°L scales and conversions are available online and usually provide colour swatches to indicate the colour depth that you are likely to achieve from specific malts. Most craft brewers measure the colour of the grain using EBC (European Brewing Convention). The higher the EBC the darker the malt. Other countries may prefer Lovibond (L) or the Standard Reference Method (SRM). There are currently two colour scales in common use: SRM in the US, and EBC in Europe. The SRM (Standard Research Method) scale is based on an older degrees Lovibond scale and for all practical purposes, SRM and degree Lovibond are identical. So to convert SRM to EBC simply multiply by 2. e.g. 4 SRM = 8 EBC. The formula for converting Lovibond to EBC is EBC=(2*Lovibond)-1.2
Why Use Dark Rock Malts and Hops?
The Dark Rock Brewing team are passionate about producing the best quality beers. Their mission is to help you to "Master your Craft" and brew the best craft beers possible. There is no reason why home-produced ales cannot be just as good as commercial equivalents. The key to success is having a wide selection of the best quality and freshest ingredients possible. Dark Rock ingredients are not just great value, they are of the highest quality and always supplied fresh. The team strive to constantly innovate and experiment with new styles and products. Dark Rock also markets top-quality all-grain and partial--mash kits which receive fabulous reviews. They are experienced commercial brewers and supply craft micro-breweries and nano-breweries with equipment and ingredients. They also provide training and business development consultancy to scale-up breweries. This experience is channelled into equipping the home craft brewer with the "tools to compete". Use Dark Rock products and you can't go wrong.