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How to Make Cider Using Fresh Apples

By: Dark Rock Brewing Team

Home brew beer and wine-making experts
Barrels of cider apples waiting to be pressed into cider.


Hello, fellow cider enthusiast! Ever wonder how that tangy, sweet, and sometimes fizzy drink is made? Well, wonder no more. This comprehensive guide will teach you how to make cider right from the comfort of your own home.

Understanding the Basics of Cider

What is Cider?

Cider, also known as hard cider in some parts of the world, is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented apple juice. It has a long history, dating back thousands of years, and is enjoyed in various forms across the globe.

Key Ingredients for Cider

At its most basic, cider requires only two ingredients: apples and yeast. Different varieties of apples can be used to influence the taste, and the yeast does the magic of turning apple juice into alcohol.

Step-by-Step Guide to Making Cider

Gathering Your Ingredients and Equipment

First things first, you’ll need apples, yeast, and some basic brewing equipment. Choose a mix of sweet and tart apples to create a balanced flavour. A cider press is helpful, but not required.

Preparing the Apples

Wash your apples thoroughly and remove any bad spots. Then, you’ll need to crush or chop them to prepare for juicing.

Pressing the Apples

Next, press your chopped apples to extract the juice. If you don’t have a press, a juicer or blender can be used.

Fermentation Process

Add yeast to your juice and let the fermentation process begin! This usually takes one to two weeks.

Maturation and Bottling

Once fermented, your cider will need to mature. This could take anywhere from a few weeks to several months, depending on your taste. When it’s ready, bottle it up and enjoy!

Troubleshooting Common Issues

Brewing cider at home is a fun and rewarding process, but like any culinary venture, sometimes things don’t always go as expected. However, don’t fret! Most issues you encounter can be corrected, and you’ll find that they become less frequent as you gain more experience.

One common issue you might encounter is cloudy cider. This can be caused by pectin in the apples. While it doesn’t necessarily affect the taste, you can clear it up by adding a pectin-eating enzyme called pectic enzyme at the start of your process. If you forgot to add it and your cider has turned out cloudy, don’t worry. Simply let it sit for a little while longer. The extra time can often help the particles settle at the bottom.

Another typical problem is unusual smells. As cider ferments, it can sometimes emit a sulphur or rotten egg-like smell. This often happens when yeast is stressed due to a lack of nutrients or a rapid fermentation process. You can combat this issue by using a yeast nutrient at the start of fermentation. If the smell emerges midway through, try gently stirring the cider to release the trapped gas.

Lastly, if your cider tastes too sweet or too dry, remember that this can be adjusted. If it’s too sweet, additional yeast or time can help finish the fermentation process. If it’s too dry, adding unfermented juice or a sweetener that won’t ferment can help balance the flavours.

The important thing to remember is, even if things don’t go perfectly the first time, don’t give up. Every brewing session is a learning opportunity. You’re not just brewing cider; you’re also brewing experience, patience, and skills. So, keep at it, and remember – the sweet taste of homemade cider is worth the effort!

Different Varieties of Cider

Did you know there are many types of cider? From dry to sweet, still to sparkling, and even flavoured varieties, the world of cider is vast and diverse.

Health Benefits of Homemade Cider

Besides being a fun DIY project, homemade cider has health benefits too. Rich in antioxidants and free from artificial preservatives, it can be a healthier alternative to store-bought versions.

Final Thoughts

Making cider at home is a rewarding experience that offers a sense of accomplishment and a delicious result. With patience and practice, anyone can make their perfect cider.


  • What apples are best for cider? – A mix of sweet and tart apples is usually recommended to create a balanced flavour.
  • Can I use store-bought apple juice? – Yes, as long as it doesn’t contain preservatives, which can hinder fermentation.
  • How long does homemade cider last? – If properly stored, homemade cider can last for up to a year.
  • Can I make cider without special equipment? – Yes, although certain tools like a cider press can make the process easier. You could also try a cider kit which is perfect for beginners and people short on time.
  • Can I make non-alcoholic cider? – Yes, simply skip the fermentation step to make a non-alcoholic version. This is also known as apple juice…

Unleash Your Inner Brewmaster with Dark Rock Brewing

Feeling inspired after reading about making cider at home? Ready to take the next step on your brewing journey? Dark Rock Brewing has you covered. As one of the UK’s premier suppliers of brewing equipment and ingredients, Dark Rock Brewing offers everything you need to make top-quality cider right in your own kitchen. From beginner-friendly cider kits (which are extremely easy to make as they include concentrates) with a wide variety of apples, pears and other fruits for that unique cider flavour, to speciality ingredients, we’ve got it all. Don’t just settle for store-bought ciders – embrace the DIY spirit, unleash your inner brewmaster, and create a cider that’s uniquely yours. Visit our cider section today, browse our extensive product range, and get ready to impress your friends and family with your own homemade cider. Ready, set, brew!

Start Your Cider Making Journey with Dark Rock Brewing Now!

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